April 27 is a day to remember two historic events. The first day of April 27, 1928, was a dark and invading day for our country.
♠ April 27 Briefly ♠
It will be the 80th anniversary of Ethiopia’s independence from the Italian occupation five years after its flag was hoisted and its sovereignty was violated. On April 27, 1933, Emperor Haile Selassie I, with the courage and sacrifice of the Patriots, lowered the Italian flag and hoisted the Ethiopian flag at the Grand Palace.
Forty years after the defeat of Adwa, Italy invaded Ethiopia from three directions, equipped with modern weapons and military force. Ethiopia, which was better armed than Adwaw, fought the Italian army for eight months.
Ethiopia was unable to win the war on its own, as the powers that be had conspired with Britain and France to buy weapons. Many of the Ethiopian military commanders on the fronts were killed and the army was destroyed by air strikes.
They started a guerrilla war. The emperor went into exile and lodged a complaint with the League of Nations. But they did not get what they wanted. The Patriots, on the other hand, were advancing day and night over the Italian army. They were denied entry. Most of them were organizing themselves with the weapons they had captured from the Italian soldiers
Take control of the countryside.
During World War II, Italy became an ally of Nazi Germany. At that time, the British became the enemy of Italy and began to support Ethiopia. So they provided military support, They helped Haile Selassie I enter Ethiopia. British troops, led by General Cunningham, march from Kenya south to central Ethiopia; The army, led by the General Plant, marched from Asmara to Sudan; It then moved northward to central Ethiopia. Gideon’s army, led by Haile Selassie I and consisted of patriotic and British advisers, marched from Sudan to Omedla and through Gojjam.
In the middle of nowhere. Patriots in central Ethiopia intensify attacks on Italian troops The Italians suffered a crushing defeat. News of their victory was reported everywhere; Less than 2 months after the start of the campaign; The Italians stormed Addis Ababa. On March 28, 1933, General Cunningham’s army took control of Addis Ababa. The British
They did not want the Ethiopian patriots to enter Addis Ababa, so they forced Trinity I to stay in Debre Markos for a month.
However, due to the influence and grievances of patriots in Addis Ababa, they allowed patriots to enter Addis Ababa. Emperor Haile Selassie also allowed them to travel to Addis Ababa. The emperor hoisted the Ethiopian flag at the Grand Palace in Addis Ababa on April 27. A great struggle by the patriots, Ethiopia in the eyes of the world through the sacrifices and blood seals of its children
She asserted her independence.
፨ Glory be to our brave patriots
April 27 – Historical Day
This week, April 27, 1933, the flag was lowered from the Grand Palace and the Ethiopian flag was hoisted 79 years ago, after five years of struggle by Ethiopian heroes in the jungle.
April 27 is the day on which two important historical events are hosted. The fascist Italian army that invaded Ethiopia entered Addis Ababa on April 27, 1928. April 27, 1933, the day of Ethiopia’s victory over fascist Italy after five years of patriotic struggle.
Forty years after the defeat of Adwa, Italy re-invaded Ethiopia, equipped with modern weapons and military force. After months of fierce fighting with the Italian army, Ethiopia waged its last war on Maychew. However, Ethiopia did not win the war because Britain and France conspired with Italy to buy arms. The Ethiopian army suffered heavy casualties from airstrikes and poison gas, and the Italian army continued to gain control of major cities. He later arrived in Addis Ababa on April 27, 1928.
The unstoppable defeat of the Italians inspired the patriotic heroes of the jungle. Ethiopian heroes refuse to be killed in the wild and start a guerrilla war for my country. The emperors traveled to Europe and appealed to the League of Nations at the time; But they did not get what they wanted.
During his five years in Ethiopia, Italy fell asleep in a tree. Ethiopian Patriots lose control of Italian troops Eventually, Italian troops took control of much of the countryside.
On the other hand, when World War II broke out, Italy began supporting Ethiopia because Italy was an ally of Nazi Germany. They provided military support to Haile Selassie I in Ethiopia.
In his book, Ethiopian History, Professor Bahru Zewde states: “The final phase of the liberation struggle began with the expansion of the war, as the Patriots had been eagerly awaiting. In June 1932, Mussolini made what may have been the biggest mistake of his life.
That was Hitler’s ally in World War II. In doing so, he lost the courage of the British and French, who had won the Ethiopian invasion. The British, in particular, saw a catastrophic catastrophe looming over their East African right-handers. Thus, in the late 19th century, Britain, a friend of Italy, became a major enemy. Emperor Haile Selassie, on the other hand, became increasingly politically active. They found him a key tool in uniting all Ethiopians, and the British took him out of the countryside and into the front lines. ”
Gideon’s army, led by Haile Selassie I and led by patriotic and British advisers, marched from Sudan to Omedla and through Gojjam. British troops led by General Cunningham march from Kenya to south central Ethiopia; The army, led by General Platt, marched from Asmara to Asmara; It then moved northward to central Ethiopia. Ethiopian Patriots intensify attacks on Italian troops The Italians suffered a crushing defeat. News of their victory was reported everywhere; Less than two months after the campaign began, The Italians left Addis Ababa.
On March 28, 1933, General Cunningham’s army took control of Addis Ababa. The British did not want Ethiopian patriots to enter Addis Ababa, so they kept Haile Selassie I in Debre Markos for a month. Later, the patriotic opposition intensified and they allowed them to enter Addis Ababa. On April 27, 1933, in the fifth year of the Italian flag, Marshall Badolio lowered the Ethiopian flag and hoisted the Ethiopian flag in the Grand Palace. The victory of the heroic patriots, who fought for the independence of the Italian army for five years, made Ethiopia celebrate Victory Day unlike any other African country.
For 20 years, this historic day was a day of mourning. In 1967, the 34th Victory Day was celebrated on March 28, not April 27. This was done under the thin command of the Derg. The Addis Zemen newspaper, published on March 28, 1967, read the following about why the date was changed. “This 34th Victory Day has been moved to March 28, according to the King’s story
It is not to glorify, but to make the true history of Ethiopia a reality and to reclaim the history that the people have built with their own blood. ”
March 28 is the day General Cunningham took control of Addis Ababa and hoisted the Ethiopian flag in the city. On the same day, Emperor Haile Selassie hoisted the Ethiopian flag at King Teklehaimanot Square in Debre Markos. The emperor arrived in Addis Ababa and hoisted the Ethiopian flag at the Grand Palace on April 27. As a result, the festival was celebrated on March 28 and was restored after 20 years until the 55th Victory Day was celebrated in 1988.
An article in the Addis Zemen newspaper, published on April 26, 1945, describes what the celebration looked like at the time. “As soon as 12 noon, the marching band and the police march will march from 4 Kilo to Maskaye Hazunan Medhanialem Church. At 12 o’clock in the morning, the princes, nobles, ministers, and ladies take their places at the Masjid al-Hazuna Medhanialem Church. At 1:00 a.m., Janhoi will leave his Jubilee Palace (below the Foreign Ministry) and be escorted by a motorbike to Miskayezuna Medhanialem Church.
At 2:00 am, musicians from the Army, Police, and Patriots will perform at the Addis Ababa Radio Station. From 2:00 pm to 3:00 pm, the road from Maskayezuna Medhanialem Church to the Jubilee Palace will be closed for traffic, and it will be time for the emperor to return from Mass with a motorbike. In the five minutes from 3pm to 3pm, the churches of Addis Ababa celebrate the day by constantly ringing their bells. Earlier in the day, foreign government representatives and senior Addis Ababa residents will sign a memorandum of understanding. The mayor of Addis Ababa will place a wreath on the victory statue on behalf of the people of the city.
The 79th anniversary of the Ethiopian Heroes’ Day commemoration was commemorated yesterday. The foundation stone was laid on April 27, 1935 and was inaugurated on April 27, 1936.
New Era April 28, 2012