Nowadays, when our goal is to pollute the air, it is often said that regrets are the use of renewable energy
even though Ethiopia and countries are desperately looking for solutions.
Renewable energy is at the heart of Ethiopia’s green economy strategy.
- Ethiopia’s green development strategy also has four main points.
The first is to develop agricultural development and land use efficiency.
The second is to carry out forest development and conservation work in an economic and ecological manner.
The third involves the use of appropriate, improved and preferred technology for industrial development, transportation and construction.
The fourth is the development of renewable and clean energy.
These points are said to be the key to Ethiopia’s green development economy.
The strategy is based on three interrelated objectives.
Bringing sustainable economic growth and growth is the key to reducing greenhouse gas emissions through green development and ensuring a stable climate.
Renewable energy is a key pillar of this strategy.
In this article,
I will try to point out to my readers the focus of renewable energy on the green economy strategy.
How can renewable energy be an economic benefit to a green development strategy?
We find the answer to the above questions.
Ethiopia’s vast renewable energy potential is the key to sustainable development and the key to a healthy environment.
In addition to the economy, renewable energy has no significant political implications. It has now reached the point where it has decided to establish international relations.
The choice of renewable energy is, of course, politically motivated because of the limitations or limitations of renewable energy.
Politics is a major issue for energy security, economic infrastructure and the environment.
Therefore, countries are under pressure to build renewable energy-based economic development.
In particular, as long as the effects of air pollution continue to be felt by citizens in every country,
the issue is likely to be a matter of citizens and the survival of the nation.
At the same time, it means that the community, which is the driving force behind the country, will be forced to change its political focus.
The relationship, cooperation, influence and competitive spirit of nations will continue to grow as a starting point for this.
Speaking at the 69th UN General Assembly, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn told the conference that the international community should do its part to alleviate the problem and that Ethiopia is doing its part.
This is especially true for developing countries such as Ethiopia.
That is why Ethiopia has focused on renewable energy by designing a green development strategy.
It is stated that the energy development policy should gradually follow the transition from the existing or traditional energy generation to the use of modern energy.
It also aims to provide reliable energy supply to all at an affordable price and provide sufficient energy for economic growth.
The policy aims for self-sufficiency by prioritizing domestic energy.
At the same time, it is a policy to conserve and use clean energy efficiently and to maintain a healthy environment.
Accordingly, Ethiopia has a vision to become one of the middle-income countries by 2025.
The Ethiopian government and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) also predict that Ethiopia will continue to be the fastest growing economy in the world.
To this end, efforts are being made to increase agricultural productivity, lay the foundation for industrial development and increase export levels.
It is understood that the vision can be realized through sustainable development only if it can effectively fight climate change and play a leading role in the global development challenge.
Expert advice on the possibility of walking in the normal way or in the current situation is also important.
Another use of renewable energy has a positive effect on climate change.
The growth direction of Western Europe and the United States is based on the production of fossil fuels that drive the economy.
Therefore, it is coal, natural gas, and growth. But these power options are exhausting.
As a result, they become incapable of sustaining growth, and carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere, increasing global warming.
As carbon dioxide emissions accumulate and increase in volume, global warming is currently undergoing a radical change in climate, including one degree Celsius.
It is also predicted that temperatures will rise by at least two degrees Fahrenheit [2 ° C]. When this happens: Large boulders in the north and south poles melt.
It is estimated that the oceans increase by one to three feet [1 m]. It is estimated that as the oceans heat up, more islands and low-lying beaches will be inundated.
The climate is expected to change dramatically in many areas.
Following this growth strategy will increase the chances of escaping the challenge of climate change.
Solar photovoltaics are being promoted to replace fuel-based lighting and off-grid electrical needs.
Ethiopia is thought to have about 5 MW of off-grid solar. Almost all current solar power is used for telecommunications.
Other uses include village well pumps, health care and school lighting.
A current government initiative plans to bring solar power to 150,000 households. The first phase included 1 MW of panels.
A solar panel assembly plant opened in Addis Ababa in early 2013 capable of making 20 MW of panel per year.
Ethiopia and Renewable Energy:
A Sustainable Choice Ethiopia has ambitious plans for renewable energy.
Ethiopia Out of the Dark!
In 2017 Enel Green Power presented a bid for the construction of the Metehara photovoltaic plant,
in the region of Oromia, about 200 km from Addis Ababa.
Once completed, the Metehara solar plant will have an installed power of 100 MW and will generate about 280 GWh a year, avoiding roughly 296,000 tons of CO2 emissions.
Ethiopia is thought to have about 5 MW of off-grid solar.
Almost all current solar power is used for telecommunications. Other uses include village well pumps, health care and school lighting.
Enel Green Power has been working alongside the Addis Ababa government to support sustainable development and the energy transition.
The future of Ethiopia depends on the sun that lights its highlands, the wind that blows through its forests and the force of its rivers.
The country is rich in sources of renewable energy. If taken advantage of, they can help build a sustainable tomorrow.
Aware of the country’s potential, the Addis Ababa government launched an ambitious plan in 2016 to speed up the energy transition and support the construction of plants that use the country’s abundant renewable sources.
The Growth and Transformation Plan 2 involves the construction of 13.7 GW of new renewable capacity from sources other than hydroelectric in the coming years,
in order to diversify the Ethiopian energy generation mix.
Through Scaling Solar, a program sponsored by the World Bank that provides financial assistance to emerging countries for solar energy,
it launched its first public tenders for the construction of new photovoltaic plants.
What type of energy is used in Ethiopia?
With a share of 92.4% of Ethiopia’s energy supply, waste and biomass are the country’s primary energy sources, followed by oil (5.7%) and hydropower (1.6%).
The current Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, in office since May 2018, has carried on the green commitment of his predecessors.
Because of this, and a stable regulatory framework based on tenders and PPAs, Ethiopia has the potential to speed up its journey toward sustainable development and overcome the many contradictions still present.
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