September 23, 2021



May and Ethiopia

4 min read
May and Ethiopia

May and Ethiopia

As a shelter

May is a hot and humid month between hot summer and winter. Shiferaw, who is known for posting on his Twitter account that the weather is unpredictable, hot and cold, is unhealthy, and most farmers will be affected by the heat and cold this month. Due to the lack of rain and the long summer, their cattle are dying. He described May as a month of suffering, suffering and anger for most Ethiopians. In his article entitled ‘Ginbot and Ethiopia’s Action’, Major General Amha Desta noted that Ginbot was considered restrictive, especially in the case of intermarriage.

May is a month in the history of Ethiopia. Ethiopia gives birth to famous children in May She has fled into the world to come, It brings its leaders to power, She has been stripped of her authority; She has fought terrible battles, In addition to these historical events, May is also a month of unusual events. Before we say goodbye to May, which has something to do with Ethiopian history, let’s take a brief look at some of the historical events that the month hosted.

May and birthday

The month of May is of great significance to the followers of the Christian faith, according to the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. According to the book The Babylonian Follen, the Roman emperors offered sacrifices to their gods this month. The Greek deities Marduk, the Egyptian Sin, Shamash, and Ishtar were also commemorated this month. He also mentioned that this was one of the reasons for the month of wrath.

In his book “Ethiopian History”, Tekle Tsadikik Mukaraba states that he was born on the first day of May 1844, the son of the great Shoa king, the grandson of King Sahle Selassie, the cousin of the great Emperor Menelik II, and the father of His Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I.

In his book ‘Emperor Menelik’, the solution to the Cold War was the solution, and Prince Ras Mekonnen took his army and fought in the battles from Ambalage to Adwa. History has it that Emperor Menelik II intended to make them heirs to the throne because of his military prowess, military leadership, administration, and diplomacy. Historians have attested that this great national debt is the legacy of May.

May and death

The Derg chairman, Lt. Col. Mengistu Hailemariam, who was overthrown in a coup attempt in May, and Meles Zenawi, who took over the reins in May, were born in May.

It is astonishing that the government was born in May, joined the army, attempted assassination, attempted a coup, assassinated several generals and fled the country. Meles Zenawi’s successor was born in October, asserted his authority, declared war on Eritrea, allegedly reversed the 1997 election, and imprisoned and pardoned former Coalition leaders.

Dessie Keleb (Teacher), who analyzed in his book “History of the Kings” that Emperor Caleb died on the 20th of May, said that Caleb was a great king who conquered southern Arabia across Axum and the Red Sea. He later wrote that Abba Pantelewon had entered the monastery and left.

Empress Mentewab, one of the most prominent women in Ethiopian political history, passed away in May. According to historian Tekle Tsadik Mukaraba, Empress Mentewab, the wife of Emperor Bekafa, had a great influence during the time when Gondar was the center of Ethiopian kings. After the death of his wife, Emperor Kafa, he played a key role in the succession of his son, Emperor Iyasu II, and during the reigns of Emperor Jehoash. In addition to their involvement in politics, they have established churches that are still visited by many visitors. It is recorded in the history of Ethiopia in the Middle Ages that Emperor Seifered and Emperor Eskinder passed away in May.

Seyoum Alemayehu, a professor of history at Kotebe Metro Polytechnic University, mentions that Emperor Tewodros II’s wife, Empress Tiruwork Wube, died in May 1860; He recalled that the Empress died while on her way to England with her son, Prince Alemayehu Tewodros, after the death of her husband.

Veteran journalist Paul Ngoni passed away on May 29, 1984, according to the news release. When Paul Nino’s name is mentioned, it comes to the minds of most people that his work as a journalist has made him famous and popular in Ethiopia. Paul, who did not pass the fourth grade in modern education, was blessed with a natural gift of reading, questioning, and reasoning as a journalist. He worked for the Voice of Ethiopia, Addis Zemen, Ethiopian News Agency, Ethiopian Television and Ethiopian Radio. He also donated a number of books and theaters to his readers. “Know all things; According to the apostle Paul’s epistle, “Hold on to what you have.”
Paul challenged the freedom of the press with a pen. This has led to threats, intimidation, and harassment. Paul is not just a journalist; It is said that he performed many professions in the same way that he performed them. Many have testified that Paul was a man of integrity, courage, generosity, and modesty.

May 26, 1992, was the last day of his life.

May and Chief Shir

In a post on May 17, 2010, “Seyoum is a chapter in our history,” Enoch Seyoum (Traveling Journalist) stated that history has something to do with May. Paul wrote in his letter that the first heir to the throne was Joshua on May 10, 1901. The story of King Michael tells us that in May 1906, he was succeeded by King Wollo of Tigray. The Second Pillar of Zion ruled on May 13, 1877.

In 1788, Emperor Tekle Giorgis IV resigned. In May 1790, in the second year of his reign, the fifth emperor, Tekle Giorgis, came to power. In May 1810, his master, Haile Selassie, tells us that his empire was overthrown. The reign of King Jehoash II ended in 1813.

May and war

Reminiscing in the early hours of May 1531 that the Battle of the Highlander Christian and Imam Ahmad had begun, historian Seyoum said that it was recorded in May 1874 that the Shoa and Gojjam armies had fought unjustly.

According to historical sources, in a bloody battle, King Menelik II (later Emperor Menelik II) and King Teklehaimanot’s army fought fiercely. In May, the Fascist Italian army looted the Lebanese monastery and massacred its monks.

It is enough to see that May 25 (1788) rained on the “sea” written by Professor Getachew Haile to see that May is a month of unprecedented events in our history. May was the month in which Emperor Susinius was overthrown by the fall of Catholicism, the Italian army looted and killed the monks, and the monasteries of Liben Enzor Amba and Saga were burned.

On May 4, 1990, Ethiopia was invaded by the EPRDF. More than 70,000 people (some as many as 100,000) lost their lives in a clash in May between the two individuals, parties and economic deserts.

May and Coup

Why would I have eaten if I had been approached?

It does not grow in June and May

May’s weeds abound

According to Colonel Fisseha Desta, (The Revolution and My Memories, p. 463), Tuesday, May 8, 1981, was the day when the best generals of the country applied their solutions to their war-torn country.

Fisseha Desta reports that this was a time when Ethiopian troops and their leaders were outraged by the war, and that cadres, who were endorsed by Mengistu Hailemariam, were eager to analyze military strategy and complained to the generals. Recalling that history has changed the spirit of a decisive army, the military leaders, who are deeply concerned about this, believe that Ethiopia’s problems will not be solved without the removal of Colonel Mengistu Hailemariam. They also say that they are planning a coup.

Addis Ababa and Asmara became the centers of the coup leaders. However, the night of Addis Ababa and the day of Asmara fell on May 9, 1981. In Addis Ababa, the generals who attempted suicide killed, were killed, and arrested. In Asmara, on May 9, 1981, the 102nd Airborne Division opened its eyes to the generals who were leading the war in the East and North. Dragging through the streets, beheading soldiers, not only the leaders but also the enemy were subjugated by Asmara.

In all, more than 137 military leaders were arrested during the coup. These include 28 generals, more than 20 colonels, more than 20 battalions, and more than 20 battalions. Even the so-called separatists said, “The Ethiopian government has cut off his right hand and his left hand!” Others wrote, “Ethiopia has killed its military engineers.”

Two years later, on May 13, 1983, at 6:00 PM, the dissatisfied Ethiopian Radio Chairman “various efforts were made by various parties to change the course of the war; But the problem is not solved. In light of this, President Mengistu Hailemariam left office today, as it was widely believed that it would be better for the country to end the bloodshed and for an agreement to be reached by various parties. The president has resigned and will be replaced by Lt. Gen. Tesfaye Woldekidan, Vice President of the Republic. ”

May 20, 1983 TPLF / EPRDF take control of Addis Ababa; He took over the government.

May and election

The May 7, 1997, multi-party election was held in a better manner than previous elections in Ethiopia. International media outlets, including Al Jazeera and the BBC, reported that it was on this day that Ethiopians flocked to the polls for the first time in their history.

Incumbent Prime Minister Meles Zenawi declared a state of emergency on the eve of the election on May 8, 1997. Government action in the aftermath of the election resulted in many deaths, arrests, and persecution.

May and Judgment

On May 18, 1999, senior Derg officials were sentenced to death; On May 24, 2003, the death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.

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